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School Climate

S3 Logo High School Students

Improving Academic Outcomes through Enhanced Conditions for Learning

The Tennessee Department of Education has been awarded a discretionary grant from the U.S. Department of Education to support district and school measurement of, and targeted programmatic interventions to improve, conditions for learning. Tennessee is one of 11 states that have been awarded this grant. We are the only state that has developed our own survey to determine conditions for learning and that intend to connect academic data to the conditions for learning data. 


The overall mission of the Safe and Supportive Schools (S³) Project is to insure safe and supportive learning environments, thereby increasing academic success for all students.


  • Develop a system that collects and synthesizes building-level student, parent, and teacher perceptions of engagement, safety and environment to provide an actionable measurement of conditions for learning. 

  • Provide data to the education community that enables the effective and efficient allocation of resources while identifying the relationships that exist between conditions for learning and academic outcomes.

  • Establish a Center for School Climate to provide ongoing, meaningful, professional development to teachers and school leaders and to engage students, parents and the broader community in a process of continual improvement.


What is school climate and why is it important?

School climate refers to the quality and character of school life.  School climate is based on patterns of students’, parents’ and school personnel’s experience of school life and reflects norms, goals, values, interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning practices, and organizational structures.  Research and practice have demonstrated that positive school climate is associated with stronger academic performance, higher graduation rates, decreased incidences of violence and increased teacher retention.

Why is a school climate measurement system necessary to improve conditions for learning?

Education in Tennessee is a data-driven enterprise.  While there is general consensus as to the importance of school climate and other conditions for learning, data is not available to support good decisions regarding the allocation of limited resources and/or the effectiveness of various policies and practices in bringing about improvements. The data from the system being built through the Safe and Supportive Schools Project will help the education community better understand the relationships between conditions for learning and academic outcomes and better utilize available time and resources.

What exactly is being measured?

The Tennessee School Climate Survey collects student perceptions of three broad areas of their school experience: (1) engagement (2) safety and (3) environment. The chart below provides greater detail about the components.  While the survey process currently collects only secondary student perceptions, additional mechanisms currently under construction will collect perceptions of middle school students as well as school staff and parents.  


The Tennessee School Climate Model: Domains, Dimensions, and Components

S3 Matrix Change 5232013

S3 Funding Distribution Map

Contact Information

Kimberly Daubenspeck

Director of Safe and Supportive Schools Pilot

710 James Robertson Parkway
9th Floor, Andrew Johnson Tower
Nashville, Tennessee 37243
Phone: (615) 532-0469
Fax: (615) 532-6638