Louis Bordenave, Manager
5th floor, L&C Tower, Nashville, TN 37243
Questions? Ask SWM
The Tennessee General Assembly passed the Solid Waste Management Act of 1991, which created the Waste Tire Program. Whole tires are banned from disposal in all landfills. The Act requires each county to provide one temporary waste tire collection site for its citizens and tire dealers. The Act also requires the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) to provide assistance grants to counties, and develop a program to find beneficial reuses for their waste tires. Counties are now prohibited from disposing of tire shreds in a landfill if beneficial end uses are available. TDEC may clean up illegal tire dumps and seek cost recovery from the responsible party.
The program is funded by a $1.35 pre-disposal fee paid by consumers on new tires sold at retail. It includes all tires for vehicles that travel on state roads along with those from farm tractors and equipment. You can learn more about the tire fee and find the necessary return forms by visiting the Department of Revenue.
TDEC provided grants to construct county waste tire collection sites until 1995. The tires collected there are hauled away by the county's contractor for reuse and recycling. TDEC provides grants to counties to assist in collecting and finding beneficial end uses for their waste tires. TDEC also forms partnerships with local governments to clean up illegal tire dumps.
Every county must provide a collection site for its citizens. Call your county court house or solid waste office to find out its location, hours of operation, and fees.
Whether or not your tires are recycled depends on the program your county has in place.
Whole tires are banned from disposal in landfills. Beginning July 1, 2002, counties will be prohibited by state law from disposing of shredded waste tires in landfills if the net costs exceed the cost of an available beneficial end use. TDEC is working to find ways for counties to economically recycle or reuse their waste tires so landfilling is unnecessary.
The statewide shredding service provided to counties was discontinued on July 1, 2002. TDEC does not currently contract with any company for hauling, collecting, shredding, disposing, or recycling of waste tires.
TDEC's Division of Solid Waste Management regulates the storage, processing, and disposal of waste tires. See pages 56-58 for the tire rules.
No, TDEC does not require specific registration for waste tire haulers nor maintain a list of them.
Counties may apply every fiscal year for a Waste Tire Grant to assist in collecting and transporting tires to beneficial end uses.
Each county receives $70/ton for waste tires collected and sent to beneficial end use. Counties may not charge a tipping fee to its residents unless the grant is not enough to cover its costs of sending those tires for beneficial end use. Only currently generated waste tires are eligible under this grant program. Counties may not use grants to hire their own tire shredding contractor for the purpose of landfill disposal.
TDEC recognizes the following as grant eligible beneficial end uses:
Using tire-derived fuel (tdf) in cement kilns or industrial boilers for the capture of energy.
Production of tdf provided the Department approves of the specific end-use.
Crumbling or pyrolysis of tire material provided the Department approves of the specific end-use.
Civil engineering applications, such as Class I landfill construction, road construction, and subsurface sewage disposal system aggregate.
TDEC's Division of Solid Waste Management may allow other end uses of waste tires that are not grant eligible on a case-by-case basis.
Counties may charge any tipping fee for tires that does not exceed the regular tipping fee for other solid waste. Counties receiving Waste Tire Grants agree to provide free tipping on tires collected from their citizens unless the grant is not adequate to cover their costs. Counties may then justify an additional fee but must keep it to a minimum. TDEC does not keep a list of tipping fees charged by counties or landfill operators.
Illegal tire dumps have been identified and prioritized for remediation. When cleaning up a dump, the law requires TDEC to seek cost recovery from the responsible parties. Illegal tire dumping should be reported to the Division of Solid Waste Management's field staff or call 1-888-891-8332.
In 1998 the Tennessee Department of Transportation placed two projects using crumb rubber modified hot-mix asphalt using materials made from scrap tires. Each 100 pounds of hot mix contained 2 pounds of recycled rubber. The test projects, both sections of Highway 70, are located in Shelby and Dickson Counties and are about 7 miles each. TDOT is continuing to evaluate the performance of these projects.
more information on Tennessee's Waste Tire Program, please contact
Louis Bordenave at 615-532-0095.