I. Geography & Demographics VI.  County Government Finance
II. Income & Poverty VII.  Public Infrastructure Needs Inventory
III.  Health & Healthcare VIII.  Adult & Post-secondary Education
IV.  Employment IX.  Public School Systems
V.  Value of Farmland & Agricultural Products Sold
Shelby County, Tennessee
Selected Statistical Information
I.  Geography & Demographics
        Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank*
Percent of State Total
Total Land Area (sq. mi.) 41,217 755 1st  1.8%
Farmland (2007)            
Acres of Farmland (2007) 10,969,798 92,299  53rd   0.8%
Acres of Farmland (1992) 11,169,086 144,953  29th   1.3%
Number of Farms (2007) 79,280 600  59th   0.8%
Average Size of Farms (Acres, 2007) 138 154  29th  
Population            
2011 American Community Survey 6,297,991 925,673 1st  14.7%
2000 Census 5,689,283 897,472 1st  15.8%
1990 Census 4,877,203 826,330 1st  16.9%
Population Change (2000 to 2011) 608,708 28,201 6th  4.6%
% Growth (2000 to 2011) 10.7% 3.1% 68th 
Population Density (per sq. mi.)     Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Comparison to State Figure
2011 American Community Survey 153            1,227 1st  802.9%
2000 Census 138            1,189 1st  861.7%
1990 Census 118            1,095 1st  925.5%
Urban Population           Percent of State Total
2010 Census 4,213,245 902,043 1st  21.4%
2000 Census 3,618,968 867,801 1st  24.0%
1990 Census 2,969,948 793,545 1st  26.7%
% Growth (2000 to 2010) 16.4% 3.9% 53rd 
% Growth (1990 to 2000) 21.9% 9.4% 43rd 
Percent of Population in Urban Areas           Percentage Point Difference
2010 Census 66.4% 97.2% 1st  30.8%
2000 Census 63.6% 96.7% 1st  33.1%
1990 Census 60.9% 96.0% 2nd  35.1%
Median Age            
2010 Census 38 35 92nd 
2000 Census 36 33 93rd 
Note: A rank of 1 indicates oldest.
Population Percentages by Age Bracket     Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Percentage Point Difference
2010 Census
under 18 23.6% 26.4% 5th  2.8%
18-24 9.6% 10.2% 12th  0.6%
25-44 26.4% 27.5% 9th  1.1%
45-64 27.0% 25.7% 88th  -1.3%
65 & over 13.4% 10.3% 92nd  -3.1%
2000 Census
under 18 24.6% 28.2% 4th  3.6%
18-24 9.6% 9.7% 20th  0.1%
25-44 30.2% 31.1% 14th  0.9%
45-64 23.2% 21.0% 93rd  -2.2%
65 & over 12.4% 10.0% 89th  -2.4%
Population Growth by Age Bracket, 2000 (Census) to 2010 (Census)        
Population Percentages by Race/Ethnicity (2010 Census)          
        Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Comparison to State Figure
Males per 100 Females (2011) 95.1 91.3 93rd  95.9%
Marriages Recorded per 1,000 Population in 2011 9.0 5.3 93rd  58.9%
Divorces Recorded per 1,000 Population in 2011 4.3 2.5 8th  58.1%
*Note: A rank of 1 indicates the best condition.
II. Income and Poverty
Per Capita Personal Income     Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank*
Comparison to State Figure
2011 $36,567 $40,763 5th  111.5%
2000 $26,689 $31,108 3rd  116.6%
Compound Annual Growth Rate 2.90% 2.49% 80th 
Median Household Income            
2011 $43,989 $46,102 15th  104.8%
2000 $35,760 $41,048 9th  114.8%
Compound Annual Growth Rate 1.90% 1.06% 72nd 
2011 Poverty Rate           Percentage Point Difference
All Ages 18.4% 21.5% 62nd  3.10%
Related Children Under 18 Years  26.5% 31.0% 58th  4.50%
2000 Poverty Rate            
All Ages  13.5% 16.0% 65th  2.50%
Related Children Under 18 Years 17.6% 22.9% 76th  5.30%
2012 Food Stamp Recipients (Monthly Average )          
Percent of Occupied Households 26.4% 38.4% 80th  11.97%
Percent of Individuals 21.1% 28.6% 81st  7.53%
2012 Families First (Monthly Average)            
Percent of Occupied Households 2.5% 5.09% 95th  2.55%
Percent of Individuals 2.6% 5.03% 95th  2.47%
*Note: A rank of 1 indicates the best condition.
III. Health & Healthcare
2011 Pregnancy & Birth Rates      Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank*
Comparison to State Figure
Live births per 1,000 Population 12.4             15.0 47th 121.0%
Percent of Live Births to Unmarried Parents 44.1% 62.2% 74th 141.0%
Percent Low Birth Weight 9.0% 11.0% 45th 122.2%
Pregnancies per 1,000 Females Aged 15-44               72.1             92.0 83rd 127.6%
Pregnancies per 1,000 Females Aged 10-17                8.9             14.6 61st 164.0%
Pregnancies per 1,000 Females Aged 10-14                0.7               1.7 16th 242.9%
* Note: A rank of 1 indicates the best condition.
2011 Mortality Rates      Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank*
Comparison to State Figure
Number of Deaths per 1,000 Population                9.4               7.9   6th  84.0%
Number of Deaths per 100,000 Population by Cause of Death
Diseases of the Heart             221.0            177.0  7th 80.1%
Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm)             210.2            181.7  7th 86.4%
Diabetes               27.1             24.7 28th 91.1%
* Note: A rank of 1 indicates the best condition.
31st
21st
Access to Healthcare     Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Comparison to State Figure
Medical Doctors per 1,000 (2010) 2.4 3.0 8th  126.7%
Medical Doctors per 1,000 (2007) 1.8 2.3 8th  125.8%
Hospital Beds per 1,000 Population (2010) 3.6 4.4 17th  124.0%
Hospital Beds per 1,000 Population (2008) 4.2 5.2 12th  123.8%
Nursing Home Beds per 1,000 Pop. 65 & older (2011) 44.8 44.3 54th  98.9%
Nursing Home Beds per 1,000 Pop. 65 & older (2008) 46.0 45.3 56th  98.3%
              Percentage Point Difference
2010 Charity Care--Percent of All Hospital Care 10.4% 26.1% 3rd  15.6%
2008 Charity Care--Percent of All Hospital Care  9.4% 22.1% 3rd  12.7%
IV. Employment
Unemployment Rate     Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank*
Percentage Point Difference
2013 (June) 8.8% 11.9% 77th  3.1%
2012 (June) 8.6% 12.1% 84th  3.5%
2012 Youth Unemployment Rate (annual) 24.6% 28.7% 60th  4.1%
2000 Youth Unemployment Rate (annual) 12.0% 14.5% 64th  2.5%
* Note: A rank of 1 indicates the best condition.
2011 Employment Percentages by Major Industry   Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Percent of State Total
Total Employment Top Industries 2,602,604 465,161 1st  17.9%
Health Care and Social Assistance 12.7% 13.1% 2nd  18.4%
Transportation and Warehousing 4.9% 11.3% 1st  41.0%
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 7.1% 10.4% 1st  26.4%
Retail Trade 11.9% 10.4% 1st  15.6%
Local Government 10.7% 9.1% 1st  15.2%
Accommodation and Food Services 9.1% 8.6% 1st  16.9%
Manufacturing 11.7% 7.4% 1st  11.3%
Wholesale Trade 4.5% 5.6% 1st  22.2%
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 4.2% 3.4% 2nd  14.6%
Construction 4.0% 3.3% 2nd  14.9%
Finance and Insurance 3.9% 3.3% 2nd  15.1%
Federal Government 1.9% 2.9% 1st  27.0%
Other Services (except Public Administration) 2.7% 2.8% 2nd  19.0%
State Government 3.3% 1.8% 3rd  9.8%
*Note: Percentages for counties may not total to 100%. 
This table shows the top industries in the county, not all industries.
2011 Average Annual Wage by Major Industry         County
Rank
1st 
5th 
3rd 
13th 
4th 
10th 
3rd 
9th 
9th 
9th 
1st 
7th 
7th 
5th 
3rd 
V.  Value of Farmland and Agricultural Products Sold
2007 Estimates     Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Comparison to State Figure
Market Value of Farmland & Buildings (Average Per Farm) $467,420 $716,648 7th  153.3%
Market Value of Farmland & Buildings (Average Per Acre) $3,378 $4,659 15th  137.9%
Total Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold  $2,617,394,000 $23,539,000 42nd  0.9%
Per Capita Value of Agricultural Products Sold $424 $26 94th  6.0%
VI. County Government Finance (municipalities' revenue data not available)*
Fiscal Year 2011 Revenue by Source (in thousands)   Tennessee Percent of Tennessee Revenue Shelby County Percent of County Revenue
Grand Total  $      7,377,794 100.0%  $              - n/a
Total State Revenue  $      2,705,115 36.7%  $            -   n/a
Public Schools**          2,360,751 32.0%  $              - n/a
All Other             344,365 4.7%                -   n/a
Federal Revenue***  $         747,424 10.1%  $            -   n/a
Total Local Revenue  $      3,925,254 53.2%  $              - n/a
Property Tax          1,820,442 24.7%                -   n/a
Local Sales Tax††             859,716 11.7%                -   n/a
Other Local           1,245,096 16.9%                -   n/a
*Davidson, Gibson, Hamilton, Knox, McMinn, Shelby and Washington County Audits not available as of July 1, 2012
**State revenue for County School Districts Only
***Includes federal revenue through state and direct federal revenue.
Includes county property tax support for city and/or special school districts.
††Includes local option sales tax support for city and/or special school districts.
Includes all other local taxes, licenses and permits, fees and fines, and charges for current services.
 Tax Base      Tennessee Shelby County County
Rank
Percent of State Total
2011 Equalized Assessed Property Value (in thousands) $144,184,673 $18,753,321 2nd  13.0%
Tax Base Per Capita $22,894 $20,259 34th 
2011 County Property Tax Rate (per $100) $4.06 1st 
2011 Total Taxable Sales (in thousands) $66,377,563 $10,137,654 2nd  15.3%
Tax Base Per Capita $10,539 $10,952 9th 
2011 County Sales Tax Rate 2.25% 58th 
VII.  Public Infrastructure Needs Inventory 
Estimated Costs, 2011 - 2016 (in thousands)     Tennessee Shelby County County
 Rank
Percent of State Total
Project  Type
Transportation  $ 20,029,354  $  3,162,728 1st 15.79%
Post-secondary Education & Preschools       3,545,708        520,532 2nd 14.68%
Existing School Improvements       1,990,971        374,046 2nd 18.79%
Water and Wastewater       4,110,530        210,985 3rd 5.13%
Storm Water         285,963        166,395 1st 58.19%
Community Development         455,079        147,961 1st 32.51%
Law Enforcement       1,157,059        136,916 3rd 11.83%
Recreation         942,863        110,639 1st 11.73%
New Public Schools       1,604,136          82,500 6th 5.14%
Public Buildings         393,884          77,108 1st 19.58%
Libraries, Museums, and Historic Sites         312,533          57,308 2nd 18.34%
Other Facilities           95,026          51,875 1st 54.59%
Fire Protection         170,402          48,537 1st 28.48%
Industrial Sites and Parks         247,230          42,651 1st 17.25%
Public Health Facilities         426,158          26,200 6th 6.15%
Housing           14,800          14,000 1st 94.59%
Business District Development         971,261            6,500 7th 0.67%
Solid Waste           33,518            3,200 4th 9.55%
Other Utilities         172,131                   - - -
School System-wide           73,995                   - - -
Telecommunications           19,300                   - - -
Property Acquisition                    -                   - - -
Grand Total  $ 37,051,902  $  5,240,080 1st 14.14%
VIII.  Adult & Post-secondary Education
Adult Educational Attainment (Persons 25 years and over)   Tennessee Shelby County County
 Rank
Percentage Point Difference
2007-2011 American Community Survey 
Percent w/ HS diploma (or equivalent) or better 83.2% 85.5% 9th  2.3%
Percent w/ Bachelors Degree or better 23.0% 28.3% 4th  5.3%
2000 Census
Percent w/ HS diploma (or equivalent) or better 75.9% 80.8% 7th  4.9%
Percent w/ Bachelors Degree or better 19.6% 25.3% 4th  5.7%
1990 Census
Percent w/ HS diploma (or equivalent) or better 67.1% 75.1% 4th  8.1%
Percent w/ Bachelors Degree or better 16.0% 20.8% 4th  4.8%
*Note: Percentages do not add to 100%
because categories are not mutually exclusive.
*Note: 2011 educational attainment data not yet available. 
 Number of Post-secondary Institutions (Fall 2011)     Tennessee Shelby County    
Four-year Colleges and Universities 55 10
Public 10 2
Private 45 8
Other Institutions 508 42
Two-Year Public (Community Colleges) 13 1
Two-Year Private Institutions 4 2
Technology Centers 26 1
Off-Campus Centers 41 1
Off-Campus Sites 424 37
Enrollment at Post-secondary Institutions (Fall 2011)            
Four-year Colleges and Universities         217,861 31,796
Public         138,811 24,789
Private           79,050 7,007
Other Institutions         139,347 21,781  
Two-Year Public (Community Colleges)           74,548 13,477  
Two-Year Private Institutions             1,684 1,162  
Technology Centers           10,710 851  
Off-Campus Centers           25,174 2,067  
Off-Campus Sites           27,231 4,224
IX.  Public School Systems (Total number of school systems in Tennessee is 136)
        Statewide Shelby County Memphis City        
Number of Students
2011-2012 950,547 45,563 104,058
System Rank for Students 4th  1st 
Percent of Statewide 4.8% 10.9%        
2000-2001 896,556 44,882 115,878
System Rank for Students 4th  1st 
Percent of Statewide 5.0% 12.9%        
Increase/(Decrease) 53,991               681          (11,820)                
Percent Change 6.0% 1.5% -10.2%        
2011-2012    
Free or Reduced-price Meals 60.9% 38.6% 85.1%
Federal Title 1 58.0% 26.1% 89.3%
Special Education 11.4% 17.6% 15.6%
English Language Learners 3.8% 0.1% 0.1%
        Statewide Shelby County Memphis City        
2011 Accreditation by Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
Elementary Schools 57.0% 85.7% 100.0%
Secondary Schools 90.7% 100.0% 100.0%
                     
Students per Classroom Teacher*
2011-12 14.7 15.1               14.9            
System Rank for Students/Classroom Teacher 106th   92nd              
2000-2001 15.8 18.3               16.9            
System Rank for Students/Classroom Teacher 138th   125th              
Increase/(Decrease)             (1)                  (3)                  (2)                
*Note: Classroom teachers include art, music and physical education teachers.  Because these auxiliary teachers are
included, ratios of students to classroom teachers do not represent and tend to be lower than actual class sizes.
        Statewide Shelby County Memphis City        
Progress Through School
Promotion Rate
2011-2012 98.4% 99.1% 97.2%
1999-2000 96.8% 98.5% 93.8%
Dropout Rate
2011-2012 6.9% 4.8% 16.4%
1999-2000 14.4% 8.1% 29.2%
*Note: DOE did not update the Cohort Drop Out Rate
        Statewide Shelby County Memphis City        
Expenditures per Student
2011-2012 $8,551 $8,818 $10,422
System Rank for Expenditures per Student 32nd  3rd 
Percent of Statewide 103.1% 121.9%        
2001-2002 $5,678 $5,699 $6,771
System Rank for Expenditures per Student 55th  10th 
Percent of Statewide 100.4% 119.3%        
Increase/Decrease $2,873 $3,119 $3,651        
Percent Change 50.6% 54.7% 53.9%        
                     
Classroom Teachers' Average Salary
2011-2012 $47,082 $55,523 $55,747
System Rank for Ave. Teacher Salary 4th  3rd 
Percent of Statewide 117.9% 118.4%        
2000-2001 $37,431 $41,665 $43,143
System Rank for Ave. Teacher Salary 8th  5th 
Percent of Statewide 111.3% 115.3%        
Increase/(Decrease) $9,650 $13,858 $12,604
Percent Change 25.8% 33.3% 29.2%        
        Statewide Shelby County Memphis City         
Revenue by Source (percent of total)
2011-2012
Federal 14.5% 10.1% 21.1%  
State 46.3% 47.0% 39.6%
Local 39.2% 42.9% 39.4%        
System Rank for Percent Local 20th  28th         
2000-2001
Federal 9.5% 4.7% 11.3%
State 46.9% 50.0% 36.6%
Local 43.7% 45.3% 52.1%
System Rank for Percent Local 23rd  15th         
        Statewide Shelby County County
Rank
       
FY 2014 County Area Fiscal Capacity
Per Pupil Fiscal Capacity $3,079 $3,388 9th 
Percent of Statewide Figure 110.0%
Sources of Information for County Profiles
I. Geography & Demographics
U.S. Bureau of the Census–all data except for marriage and divorce rates.
  www.census.gov
  U.S. Department of Agriculture–farmland data
  http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usdahome
  http://www.agcensus.usda.gov
  TN Dept. of Health - marriage and divorce rates.
  http://health.tn.gov
II. Income & Poverty
U.S. Bureau of the Census–median household income data & poverty rates.
www.census.gov
TN Dept. of Human Services–Food Stamp data and Families First data.
http://www.tn.gov/foodstamps
http://tn.gov/humanserv/adfam/afs_tanf.html
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis–per capita income data
www.bea.gov
III. Health & Healthcare
TN Dept.of Health, Health Statistics & Research–pregnancy, births, mortality & healthcare access data.
http://health.tn.gov/statistics/healthdata.htm
IV. Employment
TN Dept. Of Labor and Workforce Development–unemployment data. 
http://www.tn.gov/labor-wfd/
U.S. Department of Labor–employment data.
www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm
V. Value of Farmland and Agricultural Product Sold
U.S. Department of Agriculture–farmland data
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usdahome
VI. County Government Finance (municipalities' revenue data not available)
TN County Technical Advisory Service (CTAS), Resource Center–county revenue data.
www.ctas.utk.edu
TN Comptroller of the Treasury, Division of Property Assessment–equalized assessed property values.
http://www.comptroller.tn.gov/pa/taxaggr.asp
TN Dept. of Revenue–total taxable sales.
http://www.tn.gov/revenue/statistics/index.shtml
VII. Public Infrastructure Needs Inventory
TN Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations–all data. 
http://tn.gov/tacir/infrastructure.html
VIII. Adult & Post-secondary Education
U.S. Bureau of the Census–educational attainment.
www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/educ-attn.html
TN Higher Education Commission–post-secondary institution and enrollment data.
www.tn.gov/thec
IX. Public School Systems (Total number of school systems is 136)
TN Department of Education–all data except fiscal capacity.
http://www.tn.gov/education/reports_data.shtml
TN Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations–education fiscal capacity.
http://tn.gov/tacir/fiscalcapacity.html
Prepared by TACIR